Partenaires


LOGO





Silicon wafer with second sound probes after a first DRIE etching step
above : Silicon wafer with second sound probes after a first DRIE etching step.

 

Miniature Second sound resonators : a local vorticity/enstrophy probe for superfluid flows

 

Principle and Realization

 

These miniature second sound resonators allow to measure local fluctuations of the vortex line density of superfluid turbulence. Vortex line density relates to the enstrophy : such measurements are therefore expected to bring a new insight into the study of superfluid turbulence.

 

Pince a second son - 2nd sound resonator Pince a second son - 2nd sound resonator


 

These resonators are open in order the superfluid mainstream to flow across them as depicted below.

 



Pince a second son - 2nd sound resonator
Insertion into the flow mainstream

 

Attenuation of second sound is directly related to the quantum vortex line density. Below, the spectral response of the sensors without and with flow illustrate this dependence.

 

 

Pince a second son - 2nd sound resonator
First modes of resonance without flow (bleue)


Pince a second son - 2nd sound resonator
First modes of resonance with (red) and without flow (bleue)


 

The spatial resolution given by the size of the resonator is 1mm x 1mm x 300microns. The time response allow to probe the Vortex Line Density fluctuation in the bandwidth DC-1kHz. Smaller sensors are in development for better space resolution and higher bandwidth.

 



Spectrum of the Vortex Line Density
Power spectrum of the vortex line density at 1.6K in a superfluid flow (He-II co-flow)

 

 

Partners

 

This work is a collaboration with the Microfluidic group of the ESPCI (Hervé Willaime and Patrick Tabeling). It was originated with the micromachining center of the ESIEE (Lionel Rousseau et Olivier Français) and is pursued with the IEF (Sylvain David et Benoit Belier).

 

 

For more information

 

Vortex density spectrum of quantum turbulence.
Roche P.-E., Diribarne P., Didelot T., Francais O., Rousseau L. & Willaime H. (2007).
Europhysics Letters 77: 66002
download

 

 


Plan du site


VASE
Ph.R. Jan, 2012